Biographies

American Sampler: West Virginia’s African-American Women of Distinction, by Wendy Thomas, Anna E. Gilmeer, Ancella R. Bickley, Tanya White-Woods, and Doris Allen, 2002

The Woman behind the Lens: The Life and Work of Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1864-1952, by Bettina Birch, 2000
Frances Benjamin Johnston (1864-1952) was born in Grafton and grew up in Washington, DC.  Two of her portolios related to African Americans focused on the Hampton Institute in Virginia and the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. A 1974 book about her, A Talent for Detail: The Photographs of Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston 1889-1910, was written by Pete Daniel and Raymond Smock, director of the Robert C. Byrd Archives. She contributed most of her photographs and papers to the Library of Congress. 

History of the American Negro: West Virginia Edition, by A.B. Caldwell, with an introduction by Joe Trotter, October 2012 A collection of biographies of everyday African Americans during the post-World War I era. Trotter, Professor of History and Social Justice at Carnegie Mellon University, is a native of Mingo County.

Memphis Tennessee Garrison: The Remarkable Story of a Black Appalachian Woman, ed. by Ancella R. Bickley and Lynda Ann Ewen, Historical Afterword by Joe W. Trotter, 2001.

Garrison (1890-1988), the daughter of former slaves, moved from McDowell County to Huntington at an early age. She was involved in the struggles for unions, better education, and expanded civil rights, and was vice president of the National Board of the NAACP from 1963-66. This book is based on interview transcripts of her oral history. Bickley retired from teaching and administration at WV State University and Ewen is professor and director of the Oral History of Appalachia Program and co-director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Gender in Appalachia at Marshall University.

J.R. Clifford